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Types of Traumatic Brain Injuries

On Behalf of | Jun 3, 2017 | Brain Injury


The lawyers of Saunders Law Group have helped countless people in and around Polk County seek justice following serious injuries and accidents. Some of these accidents lead to major life-changing harm, such as a traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Many people misunderstand traumatic brain injuries and what effects they have. Let’s briefly consider the different types of brain injuries people may sustain from physical trauma.

Open and Closed Head Injuries

Before discussing brain injuries directly, let’s note the two kinds of head injuries that result in traumatic brain injuries:

  • Open Head Injuries – These are head injuries that involve penetration of the skull. Given the nature of these injuries, the brain damage can be significant.
  • Closed Head Injuries – These are head injuries in which the skull is not breached yet significant trauma may affect the brain regardless.

Head injuries and brain injuries can occur from a wide variety of accidents and violent incidents, including auto accidents, physical altercations, severe slips and falls, and so forth.


Concussions are one of the most common types of traumatic brain injuries. This kind of traumatic brain injury involves a sudden, violent impact to the head or body. The brain is usually suspended in place within the skull by cerebrospinal fluid. Sufficient force can lead to the shifting of the brain against the inner walls of the skull, sometimes even resulting in the loss of consciousness.

Brain Contusions

Brain contusions are caused also caused by forceful blows to the head or body that lead to the brain striking the inside of the skull. Specifically, though, a brain contusion refers to localized bleeding in the brain as a result of trauma. The affected portion of the brain may require surgical removal to prevent potentially fatal blood clots.

Shaken Baby Syndrome

Shaken baby syndrome is an especially tragic and violent type of traumatic brain injury because the harm is visited upon a child. When a child is violently shaken or jarred, it can lead to a concussion, brain contusions, and swelling of the brain. This can have lifelong effect on a child’s physical and psychological development.

Diffuse Axonal Injuries

Diffuse axonal injuries refer to the same kind of trauma experienced in shaken baby syndrome, though at later stages in life. A sudden or sharp turn of the head can lead to serious brain damage that affects never tissue and other parts of the brain.

How Our Attorneys Can Help

Given the many different causes of traumatic brain injuries, there are plenty of instances in which the injury sustained occurred as the result of another person’s negligence rather than the fault of the victim. In these cases, it’s important that the negligent party be held accountable. Brain injuries result in many challenges in victims’ lives, require medical care, psychological counseling, and other therapies. By working with an attorney and seeking damages for your injuries, you can reduce your financial burdens and hold the negligent party responsible for what they have done.

Contact the Lawyers of Saunders Law Group

For more information about brain injuries and what your legal rights may be following a serious accident, be sure to contact our team of personal injury attorneys today. The lawyers of Saunders Law Group are here to help you and your loved ones in your time of legal need.


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